Scripting the setup of a developer PC, Part 4 of 4 – Installing Custom Stuff, Interesting Things Encountered, and Conclusion

This is the final part of a four part series on attempting to automate installation and setup of a development PC with a few scripts and some funky tools. If you haven’t already, why not read the introductory post about ninite, the second part about the command line version of WebPI or perhaps the third instalment about the interesting chocolatey project? Disclaimer: this series was inspired by a blog from Maarten Balliauw

Installing Custom Stuff

There are some other applications out there which I need to be able to install via script as well, such as SQL Server 2008 R2 Tools; although WebPI (and with Chocolately Beta) can install SQL Tools, you’re actually limited to the express versions (AFAIK), and I need the standard install.

Since I have the ISO for this on the network, I can run virtualclonedrive from commandline (after chocolatey installs it) to mount the iso and run the setup application using “vcdmount.exe /l=<drive letter> <iso path>”.

Execute VCDMount with no params to get this helpful dialog for other command line params:

image

So let’s get on with it then:

SQL Server 2008 R2 Tools

It looks like SQL Server has its own command line install options; if I mount the network ISO and pass the parameters “/ACTION=install /IACCEPTSQLSERVERLICENSETERMS /Q /FEATURES=Tools,ADV_SSMS” I should be able to install SQL tools unattended. There is a dependency on Windows Installer 4.5 being installed correctly for this one to work; make sure your WebPI install worked earlier!

 

Visual Studio 2010

It looks like VS2010 has its own command line install options; if I mount the network ISO and pass the parameters “/q /full /norestart” I should be able to install VS2010 unattended. There is an entry for “VS2010SP1Core” in the WebPI xml feeds, and I have tried using that to no avail; see “Interesting Things Encountered” section at the end for a note about WebPI & VS2010.

So the final install script should look like:

@echo off

REM VS2010
"c:\Program Files (x86)\Elaborate Bytes\VirtualCloneDrive\vcdmount.exe" /l=E "Z:\Installation\SetupDevPC\VS2010SP1.ISO" 

E:/Setup/setup.exe /q /full /norestart

REM SQL Tools
"c:\Program Files (x86)\Elaborate Bytes\VirtualCloneDrive\vcdmount.exe" /l=E "Z:\Installation\SetupDevPC\SQLServer2008Tools.ISO"

E:/setup.exe /ACTION=install /IACCEPTSQLSERVERLICENSETERMS /Q /FEATURES=Tools,ADV_SSMS

Something to bear in mind is that this doesn’t work if you haven’t restarted since running the chocolatey powershell script. As such, I’ve edited the chocolatey powershell script to end with:

shutdown /r /t 0 /d P:0:0

If all goes well you shouldn’t actually see anything of note; VirtualCloneDrive’s VCDMount mounts each ISO into drive “E” (VCD default install has only one virtual drive defined, in my case that was “E”) and calls the relevant executable with parameters to attempt to force a silent install. VS2010 is completely silent! SQL at least gives a few lines of feedback.

The Bad News

Unfortunately VS2010’s setup.exe doesn’t wait before returning to the script; as such, you would see the call to VS2010’s setup.exe kick off then a few seconds later a call to SQL2008’s setup.exe, which fails since there’s another install already happening.

Again, just as unfortunately, SQL2008 won’t install straight after VS2010 – it demands a restart.

The “Meh” News

My preference is now to install SQL2008 first, since this is a blocking process, then VS2010, then let it restart (remove the “/norestart” flag for VS2010).

Hence the last script is actually:

@echo off

REM SQL Tools
"c:\Program Files (x86)\Elaborate Bytes\VirtualCloneDrive\vcdmount.exe" /l=E "Z:\Installation\SetupDevPC\SQLServer2008Tools.ISO"

E:/setup.exe /ACTION=install /IACCEPTSQLSERVERLICENSETERMS /Q /FEATURES=Tools,ADV_SSMS

REM VS2010
"c:\Program Files (x86)\Elaborate Bytes\VirtualCloneDrive\vcdmount.exe" /l=E "Z:\Installation\SetupDevPC\VS2010SP1.ISO" 

E:/Setup/setup.exe /q /full

Along with the previous powershell script and the beta chocolatey nupkg, the existing script for ninite and webpi and their components, the final directory contents now look like:

281211_autoinstall_iso_dir_contents

The End Result

The Result!

Which brings us FINALLY on to the:

Conclusion

Although it is entirely possible to script the setup of a develop PC without requiring ever seeing a GUI currently, using the tools I’ve chosen to use here, it seems that it can’t be done in a fully automated fashion. Certain products still popped up a confirmation dialog, others required a reboot when I’d specifically suppressed one. Some dependencies were not always resolved correctly.

As such, I hope that you have enjoyed this introduction into my attempt to teach myself some command line WebPI, ninite, chocolatey, and general hackery, and if you have any comments or suggestions please feel free to let me know in the comments or via twitter; I’ve kept various snapshots of my VM I used for this series, so I’ll happily try out any good suggestions!

It would appear that this is a nice set of basic scripts to get a development PC up and running, however once this has been done it makes much more sense to create an image and use that for future setups. There will be a follow up post about creating an image of this configured PC so that future developer PCs can use the image instead of having to reinstall everything, which should be a pretty basic one since it’s nothing new!

Finally, these articles are already out of date! WebPI is now on v4 and the chocolatey “beta” I mentioned is actually now the mainline. No doubt everything else will be out of date in a few more days.

Interesting Things Encountered

  • The webpicmdline tool still raises the odd dialog prompting for a restart (e.g. for MVC3), even with the “suppressreboot” option. Using a really loooong product list I’d specified in one webpi command fails for a lot of them. After rebooting, webpicmd didn’t automatically pick up and carry on as expected; this is why I’ve cut the initial webpi product list to a small number and done the others via chocolatey.

  • Webpicmdline doesn’t install things in the order you list them, which can be a bit odd. i.e., WindowsInstaller45 attempts to install after .Net 4 and promptly fails. Do it on its own and you’re fine.

  • Chocolatey’s webpi support didn’t initially work; I had to restart before I could install anything. I believe this to be related to the webpi installation of WindowsInstaller45 whose required reboot I had suppressed.

  • VS2010’s “/q /full” setup options are incredibly “q” – nothing appears at all; no command line feedback, no GUI. I had to fire off setup.exe without params just to see the GUI load and show me it’s already halfway through the install process! Fantastic.

  • VS2010 exists within the WebPI listing as “VS2010SP1Core” but seems to always fail with an error about needing “VS2010SP1Prerequisite”; this product also exists in the same WebPI feed but was always failing to install via webpicmdline and chocolatey for me. Let me know if you get this working!

The Resulting Scripts

Setup_Step1.cmd

Ninite & WebPI

@echo off

REM Ninite stuff
cmd /C "Z:\Installation\SetupDevPC\Ninite_DevPC_Utils.exe"

REM WebPI stuff
cmd /C "Z:\Installation\SetupDevPC\webpicmdline.exe /AcceptEula /SuppressReboot /Products:PowerShell,PowerShell2,NETFramework20SP2,NETFramework35,NETFramework4"

cmd /C "Z:\Installation\SetupDevPC\webpicmdline.exe /AcceptEula /SuppressReboot /Products:WindowsInstaller31,WindowsInstaller45"

shutdown /r /t 0 /d P:0:0

Setup_Step2.ps1

Chocolatey

# Chocolatey
iex ((new-object net.webclient).DownloadString('http://bit.ly/psChocInstall'))

# install applications
cinst virtualclonedrive
cinst sysinternals
cinst msysgit
cinst fiddler
cinst tortoisesvn

# getting the latest build for webpi support: git clone git://github.com/chocolatey/chocolatey.git | cd chocolatey | build | cd _{tab}| cinst chocolatey -source %cd%
# I’ve already done this and the resulting nugetpkg is also saved in the same network directory:
cinst chocolatey –source "Z:\Installation\SetupDevPC\"

# Now I’ve got choc I may as well use it to install a bunch of other stuff from WebPI;
# things that didn’t always work when I put them in the looong list of comma delimited installs
# IIS
cinst IIS7 -source webpi
cinst ASPNET -source webpi
cinst BasicAuthentication -source webpi
cinst DefaultDocument -source webpi
cinst DigestAuthentication -source webpi
cinst DirectoryBrowse -source webpi
cinst HTTPErrors -source webpi
cinst HTTPLogging -source webpi
cinst HTTPRedirection -source webpi
cinst IIS7_ExtensionLessURLs -source webpi
cinst IISManagementConsole -source webpi
cinst IPSecurity -source webpi
cinst ISAPIExtensions -source webpi
cinst ISAPIFilters -source webpi
cinst LoggingTools -source webpi
cinst MetabaseAndIIS6Compatibility -source webpi
cinst NETExtensibility -source webpi
cinst RequestFiltering -source webpi
cinst RequestMonitor -source webpi
cinst StaticContent -source webpi
cinst StaticContentCompression -source webpi
cinst Tracing -source webpi
cinst WindowsAuthentication -source webpi

shutdown /r /t 0 /d P:0:0

Setup_Step3.cmd

VCDMount

@echo off

REM SQL Tools
"c:\Program Files (x86)\Elaborate Bytes\VirtualCloneDrive\vcdmount.exe" /l=E "Z:\Installation\SetupDevPC\SQLServer2008Tools.ISO"

E:/setup.exe /ACTION=install /IACCEPTSQLSERVERLICENSETERMS /Q /FEATURES=Tools,ADV_SSMS

REM VS2010
"c:\Program Files (x86)\Elaborate Bytes\VirtualCloneDrive\vcdmount.exe" /l=E "Z:\Installation\SetupDevPC\VS2010SP1.ISO"

E:/Setup/setup.exe /q /full

Hope you enjoyed the articles, any feedback is appreciated.

Scripting the setup of a developer PC, Part 1 of 4 – Installing Applications & Utilities with Ninite

Setting up a development PC can be a bit of a pain, unless you’re smart and create an image following the setup of a brand new vanilla install. But who’s organised enough to do that?! I’ll get onto that option in another post, but this one is more an excuse to play with interesting stuff.

I thought I’d have a play with coding up a set of scripts to do as much of this setup as possible instead; there are a few tools out there to do this sort of thing, and I’ve gone with ninite, webpi, and chocolatey.

 

I’ll start with the intended ideal option for each tool, and then go into how this doesn’t work perfectly and why, and what the other options are. Part 1 of this series of 4 is for the easiest tool of all:

 

Installing Applications & Utilities: ninite

This site allows you to create a single exe installer which contains your own selection of a large number of applications/frameworks/utilities:

232111_autoinstall_ninite_web

For an ASP.Net developer PC I’ve gone with Chrome, Safari, Opera, Firefox, Skype, VLC, Flash, Air, Java, Silverlight, Launchy, 7-Zip, WinSCP, PuTTY, Notepad++, WinMerge, Paint.NET, PDFCreator, Reader, DropBox, and Everything Search for my installer. This installer can be called from the command line but the basic version still opens a graphical interface; however no interaction is required. The Pro version comes with a command line installer, but I’ll not be using that.

Ninite Pro is absolutely awesome: you can remotely manage installed software and software patches within your network with a silent install process.

232111_autoinstall_ninite_pro

 

So far my install script set looks like this; pretty bare:

[batch]@echo off
REM Ninite stuff
cmd /C Z:\Installation\SetupDevPC\Ninite_DevPC_Utils.exe[/batch]

And the installation directory is merely one script and one exe:

281211_autoinstall_ninite_dir_contents

That was dead simple! Lovely! Coming up next – something a bit messier:

Scripting the setup of a developer PC, Part 2 of 4 – Installing Frameworks and Components with WebPI.